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Digital Techs: 6G Networks capacity is 10x 5G technology ─Experts

The Race to 6G Networks Photo: Gulf News

*The Next Generation Mobile Networks Alliance, in a recent report, notes the progress from 5G to 6G Networks is a process from Internet of Things to ‘Intelligent Connectivity of Everything, Digital Twin’, disclosing the capacity of 6G Networks will be 10 times faster than that of 5G technology

Gbenga Kayode | ConsumerConnect

As the global digital world currently deploys the technology and maximise the benefits of 5G Networks, China Mobile claims the Next Generation Mobile Networks Alliance, a global group of mobile network operator companies, has fully released a white paper “6G Needs and Design Considerations”.

ConsumerConnect learnt the report was co-led by China Mobile, Vodafone, and United States (US) Cellular.

Fifty-three global firms, including 23 device makers and 13 research institutes, took part in the initiative. There are currently 17 operators leading the group around the world, VIA report said.

6G Networks

The WP5D working group of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Radiocommunication Group is urged to create a 6G vision through the release of the white paper.

The report focuses on 6G needs and design concerns. The white paper gives tips for 6G system design and structure issues, and it defines 6G needs from the operators’ point of view.

These include the history path needs for digital inclusion, energy efficiency, environmental sustainability, and flexible deployment.

It is also noted in the report that the progress from 5G to 6G Networks is a process from Internet of Things (IoT) to “Intelligent Connectivity of Everything, Digital Twin”.

The capacity of the 6G networks will be 10 times faster than the 5G network, according to reports.

6G Networks to have several use cases

There will be a lot of usage scenarios for the superfast 6G networks. The White Paper further revealed that it would promote the holographic video with a better sense of use.

There will be a more realistic link between the virtual and physical worlds, noted Next Generation Mobile Networks Alliance.

6G Technology still in infancy, says report

However, there is no need for too much excitement at the moment.

This is because there is still much work to be done.

At the moment, the 6G network is still in its infancy, report stated.

By 2030, we expect that this network should be usable.

Yet, it is worth noting that 2030 is still a long time away, so a lot can change before then.

Russia and unique design of 6G Networks

The Chinese Government highly values the unique design of 6G Networks. The IMT-2030 (6G) Promotion Group was set up 2019 by the MIIT and the NDRC to actively boost various tasks, such as needs, technologies, standards, and global cooperation.

The group also launched 6G network technology trials, report said.

According to Next Generation Mobile Networks Alliance, if the 2G networks is equated to a bullock cart, the 3G network to a bicycle, the 4G network to a car, and the 5G networks to a high-speed rail, then the 6G network is an aeroplane, China Telecom’s official Weibo handle reportedly said.

History of telecoms networks

Report indicates the modern-day history of the cellphone networks can be traced back to the 1940s and 1950s.

This is when the first mobile radio systems were developed for use in vehicles.

However, these systems were expensive and primarily used by government agencies and large companies.

1G Networks

The first generation of mobile networks, or 1G, was introduced in the 1980s.

These networks were analog and provided only basic voice calling services.

The first commercial 1G network was launched in Japan in 1979 by NTT. 1G networks used frequency-division multiple access (FDMA) techs.

This divided the available frequency spectrum into different channels for voice transmission.

However, 1G networks had limited coverage and were expensive to use.

This did not help the use of this network, besides the call quality that was equally poor.

There were also very high risks of eavesdropping due to the lack of encryption.

1G networks did not support any data services or text messaging (SMS).

2G Technology

Despite these limits, 1G networks were a significant step forward in mobile communications, as they provided users with the ability to make calls while on the move. 1G networks paved the way for the development of the digital cellular network, or 2G, which was introduced in the early 1990s and offered improved call quality and the ability to send text messages.

2G Networks

The second generation of mobile networks, or 2G, was first introduced in the early 1990s.

These networks were digital, which improved call quality and reduced interference, and allowed for text messaging.

ConsumerConnect reports the most widely used 2G standard was Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM). 2G networks typically offered data speeds of up to 50 kbps, which was sufficient for basic Internet browsing and e-mail.

3G Networks

The third generation of mobile networks, or 3G, was introduced in the early 2000s.

3G networks provided faster data speeds, improved call quality, and introduced new features such as video calling and mobile Internet access. The most widely used 3G standard was Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS).

3G networks typically offered data speeds of up to 2 Mbps, which allowed for more advanced services such as mobile video streaming and mobile gaming.

4G Networks

The fourth generation of mobile networks, or 4G, was introduced in the late 2000s.

4G networks provided even faster data speeds, improved call quality, and introduced new features such as Voice-over Internet Protocol (VoIP) and mobile hotspots.

The most widely used 4G standard was Long-Term Evolution (LTE).

4G networks typically offered data speeds of up to 100 Mbps, which allowed for high-quality video streaming and online gaming.

5G Networks

The fifth generation of mobile networks, or 5G, is currently being rolled out for telecoms consumers to experience high-speed Internet connectivity around the world.

The 5G Networks promise to provide even faster data speeds, lower latency, and improved reliability.

The mobile networks use advanced technologies, such as millimetre-wave (mmWave) and massive multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) to achieve these improvements.

5G networks are expected to offer data speeds of up to 20 Gbps, which will enable new services such as augmented reality and virtual reality.

The mobile technology also, will be capable of supporting a large number of devices, which will enable the growth of the Internet of Things (IoT) and smart cities in the global telecoms ecosystem.

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