Grains and Other Food Items Photo: Nairametrics

Prices of grains, other food items increase by 100 percent in Nigerian markets: Survey

*Report indicates some of the major foodstuffs particularly hit by the price hike include rice, beans, onion, maize, millet, sorghum, tomato, pepper, palm oil and yam

*Consumers groan as grain farmers are having a good time as prices of crops hit the roof

Alexander Davis | ConsumerConnect

Subsequent to recent increases in electricity tariffs and petrol pump price as part of the far-reaching effects of the COVID-19 pandemic in Nigeria, prices of certain major food items have gone up by as much as 100 percent, especially in the markets in the South-West zone of the country.

Stakeholders are expressing concern over the relentless increment, according to a survey by the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN).

Some Nigerians in the geopolitical zone, therefore, have called on the government to urgently address the situation before things get out of hand.

Most of the respondents in the survey attributed the roof-hitting increases in the prices of foodstuffs to basically effects of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Others however, attributed the trend to increase in transport fares, caused by the recent increase in petrol price, and the inability of farmers to produce enough food for domestic consumption, while the nation’s borders remain shut.

Some of the major foodstuffs particularly hit by the price hike include rice, beans, onion, maize, millet, sorghum, tomato, pepper, palm oil and yam.

The survey at the Ota market in Ogun showed that the price of onions had almost doubled within the last one month, as a bag, which was sold for N50,000 in October, is now sold between N90,000 and N100,000.

With respect to retail prices, four small pieces of onions, which were N50 in October are now N200.

The agency equally observed that the prices of yam followed a similar pattern, as a dozen of big yam, which was sold for N4,800 in October, is now between N9,000 and N10,000.

Mr Saheed Ismaila, a yam seller at the popular Shasha market in Akure North Local Government Area of Ondo State, said five pieces of medium yam tubers, which were sold between N1,500 and N1,800 in October, are now between N2,500 and N3,000.

“We are selling based on how much we bought the item. We usually travel to Minna and Abuja to buy them and we have to add the cost of transport, hence the price increase,” Ismaila said.

Certain Mrs. Toyin Adams, who sells palm oil at Shasha market, Akure, said that a 25 – litre keg of palm oil, which used to cost N11,000 about a month ago, is now sold for N13,500.

“Only God knows what the future holds for foodstuff prices in the country,” Adams lamented.

Before the COVID-19 pandemic, a 25-litre keg of palm oil was sold between N8,000 and N9,000 in many markets in the South-West, agency report stated.

Although the commodity increased to N12,000 shortly after the pandemic, it is now sold for N14,000 in most markets in Ogun.

At the popular Kuto market in Abeokuta, the Ogun State capital, a bag of beans, of which the price fluctuated between N19,000 and N23,000 in October, is now sold for N28,000, while a plastic measure of the foodstuff has increased from N350 in October to N550 in November.

Rice, however, maintained a fairly stable price, as a bag of 50kg, which was sold for N22,000 in October is now sold for N23,000 at most of the markets in Ogun, with a plastic measure hovering between N700 and N800, up from the N600 it was sold in October.

The NAN survey, nevertheless, revealed a downward trend in the prices of garri, tomato and pepper in some of the markets.

At Agbeni market in Ibadan, a wholesale trader, Mrs Michael Abimbola, said a bag of onion, which was sold for N12,000 at the onset of coronavirus in March, is now N30,000, while price of a bag of beans has increased from N15,000 to N30,000 within the same period.

Abimbola said the price of maize had gone up too, with a bag now N17,000 up from N8,000.

She added that a 25-litre keg of palm oil, which was sold for N7,000 before, is now N15,000, while vegetable oil price had jumped from N12, 000 to N17, 000.

Abimbola attributed the hike in prices of the foodstuffs to fuel price increase, poor infrastructure, and lack of adequate rainfall in the year.

“For onion, which is being brought from the North, it takes transporters like a week before reaching here (Ibadan) and they have to fathom the transportation cost into the price,” she said.

Alhaji Adeola Azeez, Chairman, Onion Sellers’ Association in Oyo State, advised that government should provide modern storage facilities for preserving onions in the country to prevent frequent scarcity of the commodity, particularly during off-season.

Azeez, who is the leader of onion sellers at Shasha Pepper Market in Ibadan, the state capital, attributed the hike in prices of most foodstuffs to climate change and insecurity in many states of the North.

Mrs. Omobonke Adunola, a tomato seller at Bodija market, Ibadan and Mrs Munirat Akinade, a housewife, decried the rate at which prices of foodstuffs kept going up in the last one month.

While Adunola complained of low sales, caused by the price increase, Akinade said that huge sums of money now chase fewer goods, with incomes remaining stagnant.

A civil servant in Ibadan, Mr. Olusola Rowland, called on government to urgently address the looming food crisis in the country by introducing price control mechanism to save the masses from imminent hunger.

At Owode market, Ede and Igbona market, Osogbo, both in Osun State, a 5-litre keg of palm oil is now sold between N2,500 and N2,800, as against N1,800 and N2,000 about a month ago.

The price of garri in the two markets has however, remained stable, at N300 per plastic measure, while the popular garri Ijebu, which is the most expensive, is sold between N600 and N650.

A rice seller at Owode market, Mrs. Morakinyo Adeniyonu, said the closure of the nation’s borders and the coronavirus lockdown might have caused the upsurge in the price of rice in the market.

Mrs. Abosede Adunlowo, a foodstuff seller at Akindeko market, Osogbo, said prices of food items had remained unstable in the last few months due to the Coronavirus pandemic, compounded by the recent #EndSARS protests across the country.

The traders appealed to government to help farmers, where necessary, in order to increase food production and, encourage the youth to go into farming to address food insecurity.

The situation was not different in Ekiti and Kwara, where residents, particularly housewives lamented the high cost of food items in the markets.

The market survey conducted in some markets in Ekiti showed an increase between 70 per cent and 100 per cent for some food items within two months, with traders and buyers calling for reduction in taxes as a way of bringing down prices.

According to them, the fast approaching Christmas and New Year festivities may be celebrated amidst uncertainties, unless something urgent is done by government to address the situation.

At the popular Oja Oba market and Bisi market, both in Ado Ekiti, the Ekiti State capital, a measure of white beans is now sold for N700 as against its former price of N300, while the brown specie that used to cost N500 is now N900.

The survey finding as well noted that the prices of other food items, such as rice, yam, garri, onions, vegetable oil, millet, pepper, tomato and sugar, have also gone up in the market.

Mrs. Susan Adeboye, a civil servant, said the sudden increase in the prices of food items without a corresponding increase in her monthly salary had impacted negatively on her purchasing power.

Mr. Ayo Awosemo, a market leader and rice dealer at Aladetoyinbo Shopping Complex, Ado-Ekiti, described the development as unfortunate, stressing that it might continue unabated in the absence of necessary regulatory interventions by government.

Nonetheless, Mr AbdulRazak Dauda, Secretary of Perishable Goods Association in Ilorin, Kwara, expressed optimism that tomato, pepper and onion would be in abundance during the harmattan season and their prices would be affordable.

A cross-section of residents, who spoke with the new agency in Ilorin, the Kwara State capital, decried what they called astronomical rise in food prices in the last few months.

Mr. Adebayo Michael of Sabo-Oke area, Ilorin, lamented the hardship he faced in putting food on his family’s table, as essential commodities were fast getting out of the reach of the common man.

“Many people have resorted to buying what is known as broken rice, which is the least grade of milled rice, and even at that, a measure, which was sold for N300 before, is now N550, while a measure of guinea corn is now N400,” Micheal said.

A resident of Ilorin, Mr Sheu Ismail, with two wives, six children and a monthly wage of N50,000 said that survival for himself and his family was gradually becoming difficult.

“How do we survive in a situation where a 50kg of rice, which we used to buy for N13,000, is now sold for N26,000?” Ismail wondered.

A vulcaniser, Yakub Mohammed, who is a father of six, said it was indeed a trying moment now, adding that he had instructed his wife to cut down the daily food ration of the family.

According to report, all the stakeholders interviewed in the suvey called on government to further invest in agriculture and assist local farmers financially to be able to produce enough food items locally so as to subsequently force down prices.

Meanwhile, ConsumerConnect gathered that in the last six months, grain farmers have been having a good time as prices of crops hit the roof in Nigeria.

It was learnt those who stored grains made very attractive gains. For instance, a bag of 100kg paddy rice went as high as N32,000 while maize was up to N24,000.


Report stated that despite the ongoing harvest of rice, maize and other grains, the prices yet remain high, thereby sparking fear among consumers that a cost spike in the next four to five months is very likely.

Checks in some markets in Abuja and some parts of Nasarawa and Niger states indicated that inquired about how farmers and consumers have made of the current prices of grains. Their tales are a mix grill of happiness and worry.

Ibrahim Bala, who has been cultivating maize for 15 years, delved into rice for the first time this year.

So far, he has harvested three tonnes of rice, two tonnes of maize and one tonne of groundnut and is very pleased.

He has generated over N450,000 from the crops he has sold and is about to roof his new four-room house in Doma, Nasarawa State.

At the grains markets in Agyaragu, Doma; and Masaka, Karu, a 100kg bag of paddy rice goes between N18,000 and N19,500, maize sells between N12,500 and N15,000, sorghum (red variety) goes for N33,000, millet (now scarce) is N27,000, although harvests of sorghum and millet have not commenced, stated a Daily Trust report.

A farmer, Mr. Ogoshi Odey at the Agyaragu market, declared: “This is my best year.

“Cultivating rice and maize has rewarded me so much. I have bought a Bajal motorcycle at N260,000 from the 18 bags of rice I sold.”

However, “If we are not careful, some farmers will cry because the market for crops, except egusi, is attractive and they are busy selling even when they don’t have pressing needs,” Mr. Emmah Emishe told a reporter in the Dutse area of Bwari Area Council, forecasting a further rise in the prices of crops in the months ahead.

Several buyers seeking red corn, which few farmers had to sell. Some of the buyers said they were agents of companies from Lagos.

The price at the Auta Balaifi beans market is N12,000 for a 100kg bag, but it is not readily available, report stated.

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