US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

New paediatric illness possibly linked to COVID-19, warns CDC

* Children’s coronary arteries become severely inflamed ─Research

* Solicits characterisation of new condition in paediatric people

Web Editor | ConsumerConnect

In view of the illness that causes children’s coronary arteries to become severely inflamed, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued a health advisory to doctors, warning about a mysterious paediatric illness that may be linked to COVID-19 pandemic.

Health officials say cases of “multisystem inflammatory syndrome” (MIS-C) have been reported across Europe and in at least 18 states and the District of Columbia.

Cases started popping up more frequently in April 2020, according to a CNN report.
At least 110 cases have been reported in New York, 17 in New Jersey, and at least six in California.

Report says other states, including Connecticut, Georgia, Kentucky, Ohio and Washington, have reported small numbers of cases. In New York, three children have died from the illness.

“Beginning about four or five weeks ago, in Europe they started to describe a form of what really sounded like toxic shock.

There were just a few at first and then more,” Dr. Jeffrey Burns of Children’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, in Boston, Massachusetts, United States, said.

Presents in children exposed to COVID-19
Health officials are still seeking answers to many questions about the illness.

Doctors in Italy who treated children with the illness said its symptoms are similar to those of toxic shock syndrome or Kawasaki disease.
With both illnesses, children’s coronary arteries become severely inflamed.

However, the new illness isn’t Kawasaki disease, as was initially believed. Given the number of cases, doctors have agreed that this is a different inflammatory syndrome — and it appears to be associated with COVID-19.

Many of the children with MIS-C also tested positive either for current COVID-19 infection, or a past infection.

“During March and April, cases of COVID-19 rapidly increased in New York City and New York State.

In early May 2020, the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene received reports of children with multisystem inflammatory syndrome,” says CDC health advisory.

Limited information
The CDC said in its alert that there is “limited information currently available about risk factors, pathogenesis, clinical course, and treatment for MIS-C.”

The agency said it’s requesting that healthcare providers report suspected cases to public health authorities to “better characterise this newly recognised condition in the paediatric population.”

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