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Drug Abuse: Nigeria activates National Drug Control Master Plan 2021─2025

A Group Photograph at the Launch of Nigeria's NDCMP 2021-2025 in Abuja, FCT Photo: MetroWatch

*The Federal Government discloses several research studies on prevalence of drug use among Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), migrants, students, out-of-school children, and women in the country have helped in shaping critical interventions for the fresh National Drug Control Master Plan

Alexander Davis | ConsumerConnect

Developed with the support of the European Union (EU) funded, and United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC)-implemented project, “Response to Drugs and Related Organised Crime in Nigeria”, the Federal Government has officially launched the National Drug Control Master Plan (NDCMP) 2021-2025 against drug trafficking and substance abuse  in the country.

ConsumerConnect gathered the new NDCMP 2021-2025 is the final product of a coordinated effort, comprising experts from relevant government Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs) as well as Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) in the country.

Brig.-Gen. Mohamed Buba Marwa (Rtd.), OFR, Chairman/Chief Executive of NDLEA

The government noted that the plan marks a significant evolution from the previous three NDCMPs, as the latest effort was able to draw on an extensive evidence base, including the first ever National Drug Use Survey conducted by the National Bureau of Statistics with the support of UNODC in 2018.

Report also indicates the survey revealed an average drug use prevalence of more than 14percent which is alarmingly high when compared with the global prevalence of 5.5 percent.

The study as well discovered that almost three million persons in Nigeria were suffering from some form of drug use disorder.

Other research studies on prevalence of drug use among internally displaced persons,IDPs, migrants, students, out of school children, and women, also helped in shaping critical interventions for the Plan.

In his remarks, Mr. Abubakar Malami, SAN, Special Guest of Honour Attorney-General and Honourable Minister for Justice, highlighted the critical importance of NDCMP 2021-2025 in providing a clear roadmap for implementing country strategies on all aspects of drug control.

Likewise, Mrs. Pauline Tallen, Honourable Minister for Women Affairs, expressed her concerns about one in four drug users being a woman, or a girl, and hoped that gender concerns would be adequately addressed during implementation of the plan in Nigeria.

Mr. Sunday Dare, Honourable Minister for Youth and Sports Development, however, reportedly proposed to engage National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) scheme in drug prevention and sensitisation work in this regard.

Also speaking on the occasion, Mr. Alexandre Borges Gomes, Charge d’Affaires, EU Delegation to Nigeria and ECOWAS, stated that a balanced approach to issues of drug control containing both soft and hard measures is the most viable way forward and commended Nigeria for developing such a Plan.

Quoting different research studies conducted on drugs in Nigeria, including the Drug use Survey 2018, the UNODC Representative in Nigeria, Mr. Oliver Stolpe stressed on the strong evidence-base available for the development of this Plan, “an opportunity, that was not available at the time of development of previous three plans … hence NDCMP 2021-2025, saying it would create superior impact.”

Meanwhile, Brig.-Gen. Mohamed Buba Marwa (Rtd.), OFR, Chairman/Chief Executive of NDLEA, represented by Mr. Shadrach Haruna, Secretary of NDLEA, expressed his agency’s resolve in implementing the NDCMP in close coordination with all the concerned ministries, agencies and departments.

Marwa commended the European Union for gracious funding and the UNODC for providing technical and advisory support through all stages.

Efforts at addressing drug abuse and control issues

It was also learnt that the development of the NDCMP 2021-2025 had received President Muhammadu Buhari’s endorsement, and its launch is regarded as a significant milestone in Nigeria’s progress towards addressing the burning drug control issues in a more focused, systematic and evidence-based fashion.

The plan marks a significant shift away from an approach predominantly aimed at supply reduction to a more balanced and health-centred approach to drug control.

The recent initiatives on restructuring of the NDLEA directorates and the upgrading of the Narcotics and Drug Abuse Unit within the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH) to a full-fledged Division, are also important reflections of this shift in the priority setting of the country’s drug control effort, according to report.

The implementation of NDCMP 2021-2025 will contribute to achieving Sustainable Development Goal (SDG)-3 to “ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages” and target 3.5 to “strengthen prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol, as well as SDG-16 to “promote just, peaceful and inclusive societies.”

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