Eating more fruits can reduce consumers’ risk of Type 2 diabetes ─Study

*Experts found that people who consumed around two servings of fruit per day had a 36 percent lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes over the next five years than those who consumed less than half a serving of fruit per day

Isola Moses | ConsumerConnect

Consumers’ diet choices can impact their risk of developing diabetes.

While foods high in fat and carbs can increase the risk of diabetes, healthier options like dairy products, whole grains, and eggs can all reduce the risk of diabetes.

ConsumerConnect reports a new study conducted by researchers from the Endocrine Society explored how eating more fruits can be beneficial in lowering the risk of diabetes.

The study findings revealed that having two servings of fruit per day can reduce diabetes risk by more than 35 percent.

Nicola Bondonno, Ph.D., one of the researchers, said: “We found people who consumed around two servings of fruit per day had a 36 percent lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes over the next five years than those who consumed less than half a serving of fruit per day.

“We did not see the same pattern for fruit juice. These findings indicate that a healthy diet and lifestyle which includes the consumption of whole fruits is a great strategy to lower your diabetes risk.”

In regard to the link between healthier foods and lower disease risk in the study, the researchers analysed data from more than 7,600 participants enrolled in the Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute’s Australian Diabetes, Obesity, and Lifestyle Study.

At the start of the study, the participants completed questionnaires that assessed their diets, report stated.

The researchers then, followed up with the group up to 12 years later to determine their diabetes status and measure their fasting insulin levels, fasting plasma glucose, and insulin sensitivity, among other factors.

By the five-year mark, report said the researchers determined that those who incorporated fruit into their daily diets were 36 percent less likely to develop diabetes. However, this did not hold up for those who drank fruit juice; only whole fruits were associated with the protective health benefits.

According to researchers, the study also revealed that eating more fruit improved the participants’ insulin response.

Regularly eating fruit allowed the participants to use less insulin to naturally lower their blood sugar levels, which can have long-term impacts on other key health markers, they noted.

Dr. Bondonno stated: “This is important because high levels of circulating insulin (hyperinsulinemia) can damage blood vessels and are related not only to diabetes, but also to high blood pressure, obesity, and heart disease.”

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